Common Street School Once Occupied the Training Field

The building's history stretches back to before Charlestown was a city.

The three-story brick apartment building at 5 Common Street was once a two-story public grammar school.  It was located, not at 5 Common Street, but across the street, inside the Training Field.

Built in 1828, 5 Common Street is the oldest extant public grammar school form in Charlestown, as well as one of the oldest extant schools in Boston.

For twenty years the school operated inside the Training Field. The year Charlestown incorporated as a city, 1847, the school was moved out of the park to its present location.  On the evening the school was removed, one of the patricians declared it had been ‘the needless destroyer of the symmetry of the park.’ There may have been some truth to that, considering how perfectly balanced the Training Field is today. There are no obstructed views.

(For more about Charlestown’s 'Outdoor Room', see ).

For the next 140 years the school operated at 5 Common Street, first as a public and later as a private school. For many years it was called the Nahum Chapin School, named after a successful businessman, state legislator and long time member of the Charlestown and Boston School Boards. According to the 1914 City of Boston Public Schools Manual, the six room Chapin School had two kindergartens, plus grades one through three. The curriculum offered classes in sewing, cooking and ‘manual training.’

St. Mary’s later acquired the building for use as part of its elementary school.  5 Common Street was converted for private residential use in 1967.

  • Where is it? 5 Common Street
  • When was it built? 1828. A third floor was added circa 1848.
  • Who built it? The Town of Charlestown
  • What was it built for? As a public school
  • Why was it built? With Charlestown’s growing population, new schools were needed.
  • How was it built? Of brick and stone, in Federal school house style
  • What are the future plans for the structure? 5 Common Street is privately owned and occupied.

Information for this article was compiled from various research materials, including Charlestown Schools by Carl Zellner; Boston Landmarks Commission; Boston Evening Transcript, August 13, 1897; Manual of the Public Schools of the City of Boston, 1914.

Mishka Ua Néill August 07, 2012 at 11:24 AM
Thanks for one more interesting history lesson, Helen.
DOTTIE NARDONE August 15, 2012 at 07:45 AM
Carl Zellner August 16, 2012 at 10:04 PM
Nancy, if you found moving the Training Field School hard to believe, you will be astonished to learn that two other large buildings were moved in Charlestown even earlier in the 19th century. In 1817, the Indian Chief Hotel and Tavern that sat on the parcel now occupied by the Charlestown Branch Library was moved to the corner of Main and Miller (now W. School) Streets to make way for the construction of the Second Congregational Church, later known as the Harvard Church. The hotel was renamed the Eagle Hotel and was still standing in 1902. (Ref. Timothy T. Sawyer, Old Charlestown, 1902.) In 1835, the First Church's Parsonage, built atop Town Hill in 1791, was moved to the corner of Elm and Hancock Streets where it stood until 1886. The Parsonage was built of wood, two stories high, and measured 52x40 feet. Moving it off Town Hill and up Breed's Hill must have been quite a feat. It was moved to make way for the construction of Harvard Row, a series of brick row houses that still exists on Harvard Street. (Ref. James F. Hunnewell, A Century of Town Live, 1883.)
Carl Zellner August 17, 2012 at 03:38 AM
Dottie, if you have not already done so, you might wish to research the answers to your questions in the two weekly Charlestown newspapers that were being published in 1873, the Bunker Hill Times and the Charlestown Advertiser. The Microtext Department of the Boston Public Library in Copley Square has microfilm copies of both papers for that year that can be scrolled through and read on reader machines in the department.
Nancy Hannan August 22, 2012 at 03:34 PM
Thank you for such amazing facts about what seems impossible Carl. It would be fascinating to watch a recreation of this on film, don'tcha think? Helen, Once again you've stimulated such an interesting exchange of good ideas. Thank you, thank you, thank you!


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